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1995 Ryder Cup Matches

In a hotly debated, tradition-shattering move, a local country club last year overhauled its membership policy.
The radical change? Women now can be members.
“When I was young, there was no such thing as an individual membership for women,” Jane Gorsline recalls. “(Golf) really was a man’s sport.”
“Women are beginning to get treated better,” the local Realtor adds.
Tell that to sportscaster Ben Wright–more cad than caddie–whose slurs against female golfers made national headlines earlier this year. For despite the growing ranks of women drawn to the sport, golf has not quite cast off its men-only, clubby clunkiness.
Rochester women who love the game say they simply ignore those Neanderthal attitudes–and play, play, play.
“You can let it bother you till you’re blue in the face,” Tanya Durni says. “But if you aggravate people, things won’t change. You have to have patience and keep plugging away. Eventually, people will move into the ’90s.”
And in the 1990s, women are taking up golf in ever-increasing numbers. While women account for only 21 percent of the country’s 24.3 million golfers, 33.6 percent of all beginners are women, according to figures from the National Golf Foundation.
Rochester sees a similar trend.
Compared to most cities, women’s golf enjoys a high profile here, thanks in large part to the Rochester International, an annual tournament sponsored by the Ladies Professional Golf Association.
“Rochester basically is a very good golfing community, and interest in women’s golf has just mushroomed in the past 10 years,” says Gorsline, president of the Women’s Western New York Golf Association.
A local organization–the Women’s Rochester District Golf Association– also shows evidence of golf’s growing popularity with women.
Until recently, WRDGA put a cap limiting membership to 200, says Durni, the group’s president. But four years ago, the ranks of women qualified to join–those with a handicap of 17 or below–started to swell, as did the group’s membership waiting list.
Last year, WRDGA lifted its membership cap and now accepts all qualified women golfers.
Durni, who boasts a handicap of 6, thinks golf is attracting women for several reasons, including exercise, relaxation and a significant fun factor.
Golf as a business tool is another reason why women are migrating to the greens. Men have long used the putty of putting to cement business deals; now women are, too–witness Rochester’s Executive Women’s Golf League.
The group was formed three years ago as a chapter in the national organization of the same name. Membership boomed last year, blasting from 25 to 75 members, says Katie Pecora, president.
The league brings businesswomen together to network on the fairway, Pecora says. She adds that women are recognizing the value–and sometimes the necessity–of golf in their careers.
“I play with several girls who basically took up golf for business purposes,” she says.
Though signs of golf’s growing popularity abound, Durni also believes more should be done–such as creating more competitive events–to draw women and young girls to the game.
But doing this resembles the old chicken-or-egg conundrum: Will opportunities to compete–more amateur tournaments, for example–spur interest in the sport? Or can tournaments be organized only when the demand is there?
Durni bemoans the fact that only one citywide tournament is held for girls, the annual WRDGA championship held in July. But this year, the event drew fewer than 20 entrants.
“The problem is we just don’t have the demand right now,” Durni says.
She believes more publicity is needed to generate interest in both the sport and WRDGA’s tournament.
“I think that’s something we as an association have to work on,” she adds.
Gorsline agrees that publicizing women’s golf and setting up tournaments should take top priority, especially for groups like the Women’s Western New York Golf Association and WRDGA. And by raising awareness of golf in general, events like the Ryder Cup also bring more women to the tee.
Tournament competition is part of golf’s kick for Marcia Weston, who took up golfing in earnest only two years ago. She now plays twice a week at Blue Heron Hills Country Club, where she competes in the women’s league.
Weston won her first tournament–the National Kidney Foundation of Upstate New York Inc.’s Cadillac Invitational– in July, as part of a four-member team that included her husband, Robert.
Most women do not seem to take the sport as seriously as men do, Weston says. At the doctor’s office where she works as an accounts manager, for example, her female colleagues–all non-golfers–could care less about her recent tournament win.
“And when I told them I was going to Pebble Beach (to compete in the tournament’s national finals), it was still no big deal,” she says.
Weston also cites differences between her approach to the game and that of a typical male golfer.
“I go out there and don’t worry about anything, except where my next shot is going to land,” she says. “I just hit the ball, and I don’t really remember much about it later.
“But men–they can give you the play-by-play of their game,” she laughs.
The belief that women lollygag across the greens–crimping the faster pace of testosterone-pumped golfers–might explain why some country clubs remain reluctant to admit women as full members, women golfers say.
Durni, a golfer for more than 20 years, was only an associate member of Penfield Country Club until last year, when the all-male voting members changed their bylaws.
She applauds the club’s move toward gender neutrality, which includes eliminating the priority tee-off given to men during peak hours, typically Saturday and Sunday mornings.
“It’s now socially accepted to see women on the course,” she adds.
And, women golfers say, it’s about time.

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

Number of golfers in the United States: 24.3 million

Number of golf courses in the United States: 14,939

Number that are open to the public: 10,144

Number of golf courses in the Greater Rochester area: 70

Number that are open to the public: 49

Average size of a typical 18-hole course: 150 acres

Estimated landmass of all golf courses in the United States: 2.2 million acres

Size of Yellowstone National Park: 2.2 million acres

Number of rounds of golf played a year around the country: 465 million

Number of rounds played on public courses: 325 million

Average number of rounds played annually by golfers ages 18 to 39: 11.7

Average number of rounds played annually by golfers over age 50: 36.4

Number of golfers who play 25 or more rounds per year: 5.1 million

Number of golfers under age 18: 1.7 million

Number of golfers over age 60: 3.6 million

Percentage of golfers who come from households headed by professionals or managers: 41.4 percent

Percentage who come from households headed by blue-collar or clerical workers: 38 percent

Age of typical golfer (who is male): 39.8 years

Annual income of typical golfer: $56,200

Number of rounds played annually by typical golfer: 20

Percentage of golfers who are female: 21.1 percent

Number of people who try golf each year: 2 million

How long it took for 1995 Ryder Cup tickets to sell out: 2 hours

Weather conditions cooperating, how high the grass at Oak Hill Country Club will be for the Ryder Cup: 4.5 inches

How much security fence will surround Oak Hill: 5 miles

How much rope will intersect Oak Hill: 15 miles

How much television cable will wind its way through Oak Hill: 125 miles

How many countries will be getting TV feeds from NBC: 70

How much wire will electrify Oak Hill: 12,000 feet

Magnitude of the power source servicing the Ryder Cup: 5,000 kilovolt amps

Magnitude of the power source servicing Marketplace Mall: 5,000 kilovolt amps

Number of phone lines that will allow Ryder Cup attendees to reach out and touch someone: 1,000

Number of walkie-talkies that will allow Ryder Cup attendees to reach out and touch each other: 500

Number of bleacher seats for the rest of the Ryder Cup attendees: 11,000

How much ice will be cubed for the Ryder Cup: 4,000 pounds

Highest price paid to rent a private house for Ryder Cup week: $30,000

Lowest price paid to rent a private house for Ryder Cup week: $3,000

Number of phone calls made gathering this information: lost count

(Researched by Christina Le Beau. Sources: Ryder Cup organizers, National Golf Foundation, Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, Greater Rochester Visitors Association Inc. and staff research.)

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

Sadly, this tax shelter will do nothing to improve your swing, but it might allow you to make oodles of money without having to pay a single penny in taxes. And, of course, that tax-free money always can be invested in golf lessons.
This perhaps once-in-a-lifetime opportunity is available if you are renting out all or a portion of your home to fans coming to watch the Ryder Cup. If you satisfy the two simple conditions described below, then you will not owe any federal or New York State tax on any of the rent you receive.
Condition 1. Throughout 1995 (not just in connection with the Ryder Cup), your home must be rented for 14 days or fewer. For purposes of counting the number of days that your home is rented, your home is like a hotel; thus, rental from Monday afternoon until the following Monday afternoon counts as seven days, even though the guest is actually on the premises for eight days. Given that the Ryder Cup itself lasts only three days, and that even including pre- and post-tournament festivities, few out-of- town fans are likely to be in Rochester for more than a week, this condition should be easy to satisfy if you do not rent out your house at other times of the year.
Condition 2. You must use the house “as a residence” for 15 days or more during 1995. For example, if you own a house along one of the Finger Lakes and never use the house as a residence, you will owe tax on the rent even if you satisfy Condition 1. For purposes of counting the number of days that the house is used as a residence, count any day on which you or a member of your family (spouse, brothers, sisters, ancestors and descendants) uses the home (even if only for a minute).
If you satisfy both of these conditions, you are exempt from taxation on any rent received for your home during 1995, for the Ryder Cup or otherwise. There is absolutely no limit on the amount of rent that can be received tax-free, and the home does not have to be your principal residence.
Of course, the Internal Revenue Code will never let you have your cake and eat it too: If you are eligible to receive tax- free rent, you cannot also claim a deduction for expenses (for example, utilities, housecleaning and depreciation) relating to the rental. This rule, however, has no effect on your ability to deduct property taxes and mortgage interest.
Finally, the exemption is for rental income, not personal services, so if you provide maid service to your guests, you must allocate a portion of the amount you receive to the services, and pay tax on that amount.
Most Rochesterians fortunate enough to own a home that someone will pay to rent during the Ryder Cup should have little trouble satisfying both of the conditions described above. Other Rochesterians, such as bed-and-breakfast owners, likely will not be able to satisfy both conditions.
Those residents who are on the borderline between satisfying or not satisfying both of the conditions should consider a little tax planning. You can save a lot of money by refusing to rent out your home for that 15th day.
(Robert G. Nassau is special tax counsel to Boylan, Brown, Code, Fowler, Vidgor & Wilson, and adjunct professor at Yale Law School and the Syracuse University College of Law.

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

AREA GOLF COURSES
(Ranked by RDGA course rating from white tee)

#1
Oak Hill Country Club(4)
Kilburn Road
Rochester, N.Y. 14610 586-1660

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 72.3
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 75.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 73.8
Year Rated: 1984 (W,B) 1986 (R)
Number of Holes: 36
Total Yardage (2): 6,519 (East Course)
Course Record: 64
Par: 71
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 60
Greens Fees (3): NA
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: NA
Amenities: Bowling lanes, swimming pools, tennis courts, paddle tennis courts
Manager: Eric Rule
Pro: Craig Harmon
Year Founded: 1901

#2
Riverton Golf Club
528 Scottsville-W. Henrietta Road
W. Henrietta, N.Y. 14586 334-6196

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 72.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): —
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 72.0
Year Rated:1987 (W,B)
Number of Holes: 9
Total Yardage (2): 3,283
Course Record:67
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 21 traps,7 holes with water hazards
Greens Fees (3): $16 – WD $18 – WE
Course Type: Public
Annual Dues: $365
Number of Golfing Members: 100
Amenities: Clubhouse, snack bar, bar, showers, lockers, driving range, putting greens
Manager: James DeMino
Pro: Joseph DeMino
Year Founded: 1973

#3
Monroe Golf Club
155 Golf Ave.
Pittsford, NY. 14534 586-3440

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 71.9
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 70.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 72.1
Year Rated: 1983 (W,B) 1991 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,615
Course Record: 64
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 91 bunkers
Greens Fees (3): NA
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 360
Amenities: Swimming pool, tennis courts, paddle tennis courts, practice range, locker rooms, exercise room
Manager: Steve Van Buren
Pro: Jim Mrva
Year Founded: 1924

Deerfield Country Club
100 Craig Hill Drive
Brockport, N.Y. 14420 392-8080

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 71.9
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.4
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 73.9
Year Rated: 1983 (W,B) 1992 (R)
Number of Holes: 27
Total Yardage (2): 6,704
Course Record: 67
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 62
Greens Fees (3): 18 – WD 21 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 1,050
Number of Golfing Members: 60
Amenities: Driving range, locker rooms, party house, putting green, practice bunker, halfway house
Manager: Michael McGillicuddy
Pro: Michael McGillicuddy
Year Founded: 1963

#5
Green Hills Golf Club
226 Mendon-Ionia Road
Mendon, N.Y. 14506 624-4940

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 71.7
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.3
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 72.6
Year Rated: 1993 (W,B) 1991 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,385
Course Record: 64
Par: 71
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 35 sand traps, , 1 creek, 2 ponds
Greens Fees (3): NA
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 350
Amenities: Formal banquet and dining facility, grill room, meeting rooms, driving range, practice greens
Manager: Richard Mc Queen(5)
Pro: Daniel Woods
Year Founded: 1961

#6
Ontario Golf Club
2101 Country Club Lane
Ontario, N.Y. 14519 315-524-8495

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.9
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.8
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.9
Year Rated:1990 (W,B) 1991 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): NA
Course Record: 66-pro 69-amateur
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: NA
Greens Fees (3): 30 – WD 45 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: 2,458
Number of Golfing Members: 300
Amenities: Outdoor pool, driving range, clubhouse, cart fleet, locker facilities, bar, restaurant
Manager: David Dennison
Pro: James Hungerford
Year Founded: 1928

#7
Penfield Country Club
1784 Jackson Road
Penfield, N.Y. 14526 377-1240

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.8
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 74.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 72.2
Year Rated: 1989 (W,B) 1990 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,444
Course Record: 65
Par: 71
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 46 traps, 2 water hazards
Greens Fees (3): 30 – WD 40 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 342
Amenities: Olympic-size swimming pool, tennis court, driving range, pro shop, tennis pro shop
Manager: Charles Perfetti
Pro: Denny Ferstler
Year Founded: 1959

#8
Shadow Pines Golf Club
600 Whalen Road
Penfield, N.Y. 14526 385-8550

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.7
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 70.4
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 72.1
Year Rated: 1987 (W,B) 1994 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,267
Course Record: 69
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 75
Greens Fees (3): 18 – WD 22 – WE
Course Type: Public
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: NA
Amenities: Full restaurant, outdoor party tent, snack bar, driving range, pro shop, PGA lesson program, club repair
Manager: Tim Vangellow
Pro: Dianne Wilde
Year Founded: 1986

Irondequoit Country Club
4045 East Ave.
Rochester, N.Y. 14618 586-0156

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.7
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 76.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.5
Year Rated: 1994 (W,B) 1993 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,428
Course Record: 63
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 70
Greens Fees (3): 40 – WD 50 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 300
Amenities: Swimming pool, tennis courts, snack bar, tennis and golf shop
Manager: Chuck Krause
Pro: Bruce Cherry
Year Founded: 1918
#10
Midvale Country Club
2387 Baird Road
Penfield, N.Y. 14526 586-7100

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.6
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 73.9
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.9
Year Rated: 1984 (W,B) 1994 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,266
Course Record: 64
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 54
Greens Fees (3): 40 – WD 40 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 285
Amenities: Pool, tennis courts, restaurant, driving range, locker facilities, clubhouse, pro shop, snack stand
Manager: David Graf
Pro: Richard Hines
Year Founded: 1929

#11
Sodus Bay Heights Golf Club
7030 Bayview Drive
Sodus Point, N.Y. 14555 315-483-6777

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.4
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 71.5
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 73.9
Year Rated: 1983 (W,B) 1987 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,316
Course Record: 67
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: NA
Greens Fees (3): 42 – WD 47 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 1,025
Number of Golfing Members: 425
Amenities: Driving range, club cleaning and storage, clubhouse, restaurant, pro shop, lockers, showers, tennis
Manager: NA
Pro: Paul Carter
Year Founded: 1924

#12
Cobblestone Creek Country Club
100 Cobble Creek Road
Victor, N.Y. 14564 924-6464

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.3
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 70.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 72.0
Year Rated: 1994 (W,B) 1992 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,049
Course Record: 67 (black tees)
Par: 72
Amenities: Number of Traps/Obstacles: 41 traps,4 lake holes, 4 wetland holes
Greens Fees (3): 50 – WD 50 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: 3,000
Number of Golfing Members: 332
Practice facility, clubhouse
Manager: Greg Moore
Pro: Roger Luttrel
Year Founded: 1991

#13
Batavia Country Club
7909 Batavia-Byron Road
Batavia, N.Y. 14020 343-7600

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 71.1
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 73.1
Year Rated: 1986 (W,B) 1991 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,533
Course Record: 65 (blue tees)
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: NA
Greens Fees (3): 15 – WD 17 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 575
Number of Golfing Members: 200
Amenities: Pro shop, restaurant, snack shop, lounge, driving range
Manager: Karen Pompa
Pro: Christopher Pompa
Year Founded: 1964

Ridgemont Country Club
3717 Ridge Road W.
Rochester, N.Y. 14626 225-7650

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.5
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.4
Year Rated: 1989 (W,B) 1989 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,228
Course Record: 66 (blue tees)
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 60
Greens Fees (3): 30 – WD 45 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 325
Amenities: Exercise room, Olympic-size swimming pool
Manager: Mark Bohn
Pro: Michael Mitchell
Year Founded: 1928

Wayne Hills Country Club
2250 Gannett Road
Lyons, N.Y. 14489 315-946-6944

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 71.1
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.8
Year Rated: 1986 (W,B) 1987 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,275
Course Record: NA
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 38
Greens Fees (3): 33 – WD 33 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 830
Number of Golfing Members: 300
Amenities: Cart storage, snack bar, dining room, swimming pool, golf lessons, junior golf clinic
Manager: NA
Pro: Mark Paliotti
Year Founded: 1957

#16
Stafford Country Club
8873 Morganville Road
Stafford, N.Y. 14143 343-9109

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 70.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.9
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.1
Year Rated: 1984 (W,B) 1990(R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,416
Course Record: 65
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 46
Greens Fees (3): 30 – WD 35 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: 2,015
Number of Golfing Members: 300
Amenities: Swimming pool, tennis courts, halfway house, snack house, clubhouse, pro shop
Manager: John Leahy
Pro: John Lynn
Year Founded: 1922

#17
Webster Golf Club
440 Salt Road
Webster, N.Y. 14580 265-1201

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.8
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 73.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): —
Year Rated: 1986 (W) 1993 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,461
Course Record: 64
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 40
Greens Fees (3): 17 – WD 20 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 765
Number of Golfing Members: 180
Amenities: Party house, snack bar, driving range
Manager: David Tiberio
Pro: Robert Makowski
Year Founded: 1958

Churchville Golf Club
621 Kendall Road
Churchville, N.Y. 14428 293-9906

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.8
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): —
Year Rated: 1986 (W) 1988 (R)
Number of Holes: 27
Total Yardage (2): 6,671
Course Record: 65
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 1 trap, several brooks
Greens Fees (3): 12 – WD 13 – WE
Course Type: Public
Annual Dues: None
Number of Golfing Members: 200
Amenities: Snack bar
Manager: None
Pro: Paul Schojan
Year Founded: 1930

#19
Braemar Country Club
4704 Ridge Road W.
Spencerport, N.Y. 14553 544-3090

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.7
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 70.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.4
Year Rated: 1986 (W,B) 1989 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 4,520
Course Record: 67
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 36
Greens Fees (3): 15 – WD 18 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 695
Number of Golfing Members: 185
Amenities: Restaurant, pro shop
Manager: Tony Scardato
Pro: John Buttaro Jr.
Year Founded: 1928

#20
Centerpointe Country Club
1940 Brickyard Road
Canandaigua, N.Y. 14425 924-5346

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.6
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 69.3
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 70.7
Year Rated: 1987 (W,B) 1992 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,478
Course Record: 63
Par: 71
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 60
Greens Fees (3): 15 – WD 22 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 800
Number of Golfing Members: 225
Amenities: Clubhouse, driving range, putting green, snack bar, locker rooms
Manager: Greg Joseph
Pro: Jim Buchanan
Year Founded: 1963

#21
Livingston Country Club
Route 20A
Geneseo, N.Y. 14454 243-4430

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.5
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 70.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.0
Year Rated: 1989 (W,B) 1990 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,193
Course Record: 65
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 46
Greens Fees (3): 13 – WD 15 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 650
Number of Golfing Members: 170
Amenities: NA
Manager: Bruce Miller (5)
Pro: Jeffrey Kaye
Year Founded: 1929

#22
Canandaigua Country Club
1 Fallbrook Park
Canandaigua, N.Y. 14424 394-4370

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.4
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.5
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): —
Year Rated: 1985 (W) 1988 (R)
Number of Holes: 9
Total Yardage (2): 6,213
Course Record: 64
Par: 70
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 26
Greens Fees (3): 22 – WD 22 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: NA
Number of Golfing Members: 212
Amenities: Tennis courts, driving range, practice facilities, restaurant
Manager: NA
Pro: Charlie Cross
Year Founded: 1922

#23
Caledonia Country Club
Park Place
Caledonia, N.Y. 14423 538-9956

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.3
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 71.4
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 70.4
Year Rated: 1994 (W,B) 1993 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,112
Course Record: 65
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 15
Greens Fees (3): 15 – WD 20 – WE
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: 550
Number of Golfing Members: 400
Amenities: Driving range, restaurant, snack bar, pro shop
Manager: Scott Weitzel
Pro: David Riggi
Year Founded: 1963

#24
Blue Heron Hills Country Club
1 Country Club Drive
Macedon, N.Y. 14502 986-2213

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 72.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 70.4
Year Rated: 1988 (W,B) 1993 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 5,965
Course Record: 65
Par: 71
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 60
Greens Fees (3): NA
Course Type: Private
Annual Dues: 1,872
Number of Golfing Members: 250
Amenities: Restaurant, clubhouse, lounge, driving range, snack bar, outdoor pool
Manager: Mike Radziwon
Pro: Chuck Salitan
Year Founded: 1987

Bristol Harbour Golf Club
Seneca Point Road
Canandaigua, N.Y. 14424 396-2460

RDGA Course Ratings (1) White (Middle): 69.2
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Red (Forward): 73.0
RDGA Course Ratings (1) Blue (Back): 71.9
Year Rated: 1986 (W,B) 1992 (R)
Number of Holes: 18
Total Yardage (2): 6,095
Course Record: 67
Par: 72
Number of Traps/Obstacles: 100 traps, 9+ ponds, waterways
Greens Fees (3): 35 – WD 45 – WE
Course Type: Semiprivate
Annual Dues: 1,400
Number of Golfing Members: 135
Amenities: Restaurant, tennis courts, townhouses, driving range
Manager: Mark Knickerbocker
Pro: Suellen Northrop
Year Founded: 1972

Notes: Golf courses are rated by the Rochester District Golf Association, which is authorized by the USGA to rate golf courses in the Rochester area. Additional information was obtained from individual golf courses that responded to a mail and telephone survey by May 8.
1White tees are commonly referred to as middle tees. Red tees are forward tees, which are closest to the hole and blue tees are back tees, which are usually farthest from the hole. Some courses also have black tees, which are positioned behind the blue tees; these are referred to as pro tees.
2From the white tees
3WD – Weekday, WE – Weekend
4Ratings are for the East Course. Oak Hill’s West Course has white, red and blue ratings of 70.6, 73.5 and 71.9, respectively.
5Restaurant manager

NA – Not available
Researched by Nathalie Gabirout, Susan Moyer and Ann Valls

[Rochester Business Journal List, 5/19/95]

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

It’s true that before Arnie, there should have been a picture of a golf ball in the dictionary right next to the words “stuffed shirt.” There was the feeling among the working stiffs of this country that golf wasn’t much different from, say, polo– that is, a wealthy snob’s game more than a gentleman’s game. It was a game played mostly by people with enough money to join a country club.
Golf’s early reputation was well-earned. Check the archives of the game and you’ll see guys playing golf in coats and ties and women teeing off wearing dresses as big as parachutes. It was an activity enjoyed mostly by the social elite.
Then from Latrobe, Pa., an area much better known for coal and steel than for golf, comes this kid named Palmer. His hair’s messed up. His shirt’s untucked. His swing is more of a slash than a swing. His head cocks to one side as he follows the flight of the ball. His eyes seem frozen in a squint. And he goes after a golf course the way Errol Flynn boarded a Spanish galleon in the movies.
America’s middle class was swept up in Palmer’s penchant for getting in and out of trouble and making either birdie or bogey. America fell in love with Arnie’s charges from behind: The final-round 65 he shot to win the 1960 U.S. Open Championship at Cherry Hills in Denver, and his birdies on 16 and 17 to set up his playoff victory in the 1962 Masters Tournament.
Indeed, Palmer brought golf to the masses and they soon discovered a game that from moment to moment can provide both gratification and disgust. They discovered an arena where people like oil-rich Hal Sutton and a black former trinket salesman like Calvin Peete can come together and share common ground.
What is it about the game of golf? It is a question to which there may not be an answer–or at least each person who plays it would have a different answer. That golf is addictive is indisputable.
There have been attempts to capture the spirit of this seemingly timeless game:
A fellow named Horace Hutchinson once said: “Golf is as welcome as an oasis in the desert, as tantalizing as a mirage, ever beckoning and alluring. It taunts and maddens; it has its favorites as the gods have; it turns from the eager and showers its largess often in the paths of the careless.”
–Another, Bernard Darwin, wrote: “It is only in solitude and preferably in the dusk, when the lights begin to glimmer in the distant houses, that practice is truly heavenly, and the nearest possible approach to the great defiant secret of golf may be discovered.”
Golf reveals more of the inner person than any other sport. A round of golf can expose one’s temperament, patience, resolve, determination and self-control. Perhaps that explains why so much business is “conducted” during and immediately after a round.
It is said that Palmer makes many business decisions between shots on the practice tee at his Bay Hill Club in Orlando, Fla. And there are an increasing number of professional women who are taking up golf to avail themselves of the opportunities it offers and the doors it opens.
The real appeal of this wonderful, ancient game, though, is that it can be enjoyed by men, women and children, and it matters not if they are young, old, thin, obese, tall, short. Further, golf, unlike Mount Everest and outer space, can never be conquered. It is true for rank amateurs and world-class pros: Just when you think that at last you have found the “secret,” it vanishes in a hail of bogeys and double-bogeys.
Part of the popularity of professional golf lies in the direct relationship between performance and reward. Quarterback Jim Kelly can throw six interceptions and the Buffalo Bills lose 40-0, and Kelly still will be paid tens of thousands of dollars every week. Michael Jordan can shoot 3-for-20 from the field and the check from the Chicago Bulls still will be on time.
In golf, though, if you don’t play well, you don’t get paid. No one tells a pro golfer when to practice or for how long. There is no one to call his plays for him and no one to cover for him when he makes a mistake. If he wants to take a week off or a year off, that’s his business.
Andrew Carnegie once described golf as “an indispensable adjunct of high civilization.”
It is, indeed.
(Rick Woodson is a Rochester-area free-lance writer.)

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

Rochester plays host next week to the 31st Ryder Cup Matches. For three days, tens of thousands of visitors–and millions of golf fans worldwide–will train their sights on the East Course at Oak Hill Country Club. We looked at the history, personalities and psychology behind the game.

35 Course of history
By Rick Woodson
Next week’s Ryder Cup matches join a long line of prestigious events at Oak Hill Country Club. The club’s East Course has a storied past.

36 From the first tee
By Rick Woodson
It began in Gleneagles, Scotland, in 1921, with informal matches between American and British golfers. The Ryder Cup matchup has evolved into one of the top international sporting events.

37 The American team

37 The European team

38 Oak Hill’s East Course

39 The score for business
By Peg Brickley
Everyone knows capitalizing on the Ryder Cup action is smart business. Rochester companies also know, however, that there is no guarantee efforts to get a piece of the action will be amply rewarded.

40 A perfect match
By Will Astor
People from all walks of life play golf. But the game holds special appeal for corporate types. Says one observer: “It’s like a lovefest.”

41 The Cup spilleth over
By Julie K. Welch
Area courses, country clubs and golf shops are gearing up to parlay Ryder Cup action into the most profitable week of the year.

42 Not for men only
By Mary Morgan
Until recently, female golfers often were disregarded on the links. But attitudes are changing, and more women are taking up the sport.

43 What Arnie wrought
By Rick Woodson
America’s love affair with golf began when Arnold Palmer came out of western Pennsylvania with a go-for-broke spirit. Middle-class fans were swept up in Palmer’s penchant for getting in and out of trouble.

44 Golf as a game of numbers
By Christina Le Beau
Television cables that could stretch from here to Buffalo and back? Some 4,000 pounds of ice cubes? Tally the numbers behind the Cup.

45 Play by the IRS rules
By Robert G. Nassau
The Ryder Cup brings to town two dozen of the world’s best golfers and one of the Internal Revenue Service’s few remaining tax shelters.

46 Top 25 area golf courses

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

From the Times-Union Open in the 1940s to the 1995 Ryder Cup matches, Oak Hill has been the scene of some of golf’s most memorable moments. It has hosted the United States Golf Association’s Men’s Amateur Championship, the U.S. Open Championship, the Senior Open Championship, the PGA Championship and, this month, the prestigious Ryder Cup between 12 of the best golfers in the United States and a like number of Europe’s best players.
Tournaments played at Oak Hill East have been won by the greatest names in golf: Ben Hogan, Sam Snead, Dr. Cary Middlecoff, Lee Trevino, Jack Nicklaus, Miller Barber and, most recently, Curtis Strange.
Here are the highlights of Oak Hill’s storied past:

1956 U.S. Open Championship
Dr. Cary Middlecoff, champion
Hogan’s efforts to gain an edge over his opponents, however small, are legend. He was among the first players to show up at Kilbourn Road and promptly declared Oak Hill East “the easiest golf course I’ve ever seen for a National Open.”
Of course, calling Oak Hill East “easy” is like calling the Grand Canyon a ditch. Middlecoff won with a 72-hole score of 1-over-par 281, and after Hogan’s and Julius Boros’ 282, the scores went up dramatically–the 36-hole cut was 149, nine shots over par.
Hogan came to Oak Hill in 1956 favored to win, just as he was wherever he played. And perhaps he would’ve won, had it not been for a 30-inch putt he missed on the 71st hole.
In those days, the third and fourth rounds of the Open were played on Saturday. Hogan woke up that morning trailing Middlecoff by one shot and finally moved into a tie with three holes to play. Three pars would have put him and his dentist friend in an 18-hole playoff the next day.
Hogan made 4 on the tough 16th, but on No. 17 he left a long birdie putt 2/ feet from the cup. He stood over the ball, backed away as if distracted by noise or movement, then lined up again and missed.
Hogan played in four more Opens after Oak Hill in ’56, but never finished better than eighth again.

1968 U.S. Open Championship
Lee Buck Trevino, champion
This was one of the most legendary golf tournaments ever played, because it was the week when an unknown Mexican-American from Texas made the giant leap from obscurity to center stage.
Trevino’s victory was a huge surprise to most of the country, but the fact that he had finished sixth in the 1967 Open was not lost on Nicklaus. Big Jack had said before the tournament started that the Merry Mex could win. And word spread among those who had seen Trevino during his practice rounds: This guy can play!
There was nothing fluky about Trevino’s victory. When the last shot had been fired, Trevino had tied Nicklaus’ Open record of 275 and had become the first player in Open history to shoot four rounds in the 60s. By doing so, he all but lapped the field, beating Jack Nicklaus by four shots and Bert Yancey by six–that after Yancey had set an Open record of 5-under-par for 54 holes.
Because of his comfortable lead, Trevino, his red socks standing out like neon at night, was able to put his game on cruise control the last nine holes. Even without making scrambling pars on 17 and 18 he would have won comfortably.
When the tournament was over, Trevino had $20 in cash, a $30,000 check from the USGA and an incredible career ahead of him.

1980 PGA Championship
Jack Nicklaus, champion
Had this tournament been a football game, the score would’ve been 60-0. Had it been a prize fight, the referee would’ve stopped it after three rounds.
The ’80 PGA Championship featured Jack Nicklaus at his best, which almost always means everyone else was playing for second. Nicklaus delivered the knockout punch in the third round, when he squeezed a 4-under-par 66 from Oak Hill East.
His final-round 69 turned the tournament into a record rout. The Golden Bear, whose final round 67 wasn’t enough to overtake Trevino in the 1968 Open, won this major by a PGA Championship record seven shots. Andy Bean (281) was second.
Oak Hill reportedly had been turned down in its bid to host the 1980 U.S. Open on the grounds that the East course “didn’t measure up.” This, despite the fact that the fifth, sixth, 15th and 18th holes, part of the original design by Donald Ross, were altered by architect George Fazio.
When the smoke had cleared late Sunday afternoon and Nicklaus was the only one left standing, Oak Hill East did indeed measure up. As a result, the PGA complained–anonymously, of course–and the players complained that the course had been made too difficult.

1984 Senior Open Championship
Miller Barber, champion
This major championship at Oak Hill East will be remembered more as the one Arnold Palmer lost than as the one Miller Barber won.
Paired together, Arnie and “Mr. X” were going at it down the stretch–Barber leading by two with four holes to play. Leading by two with 15, 16, 17 and 18 left is hardly the time to call ahead to have the champagne iced. Meanwhile, the throng following the final group was eagerly awaiting another miracle finish by the King.
It was a miracle finish, all right, but definitely not what Arnie’s Army had in mind.
On the 162-yard, par 3 15th hole, Palmer and his caddie, Ernest “Creamy” Carolin, couldn’t agree whether Palmer should hit an 8-iron or a 7-iron. Barber was safely on the putting surface, some 25 feet from the hole. Finally, Palmer yielded to Carolin and hit a 7-iron– rather, he lashed a 7-iron that landed on the back third of the green and bounded over, leaving Palmer with a difficult pitch shot.
Palmer glared at Carolin with laser eyes. A few minutes later, after Arnie missed his par putt and was set to tap in for a bogey 4, he ever-so-subtly hit the ground behind the ball, then the putter continued forward and knocked the ball in. No one noticed what had happened, except Palmer, and he immediately informed Barber that he had made a double-bogey 5. From there, Barber held on to win easily, especially when he saved par on No. 17 despite having to get up and down from about 100 yards to save par.
Asked after the round about the tee shot at 15, Carolin said he wanted Palmer to hit a soft 7-iron, then added sarcastically, “He couldn’t hit a fade if he had to.”

1989 U.S. Open
Curtis Strange, champion
Champions of major championships played at Oak Hill East tend more to be survivors than conquerors who just spent four days slapping the grand old course around. The ’89 Open was a classic example.
Tom Kite began the final round 5 under par, ahead by three strokes and the only player in the field with three rounds in the 60s. Then came the fateful fifth hole, with the most demanding tee shot on the golf course: a 230-yard carry from a chute of trees with Allen’s Creek right of the landing area.
Kite’s drive went right, plopped into the creek and from there he made a triple-bogey 7, lost his lead and was not heard from again. Kite finished with an 8-over-par 78, five shots behind Strange the Survivor.
Strange shot himself into contention with a 64 in the second round, held his own with a 73 in round three, then kept making pars in the final round until all the others had faded. Thus, Strange became the first player to win consecutive Opens since Hogan in 1950 and 1951.
The ’89 also will be remembered for an amazing feat: In a span of 90 minutes or so during the second round, Doug Weaver, Mark Wiebe, Jerry Pate and Nick Price each made a hole-in-one on the 167-yard sixth hole.
(Much of the research for this article was done by Bruce Koch, a long-time member of Oak Hill whose account of the golf history of the club, “Once Upon a Time at Oak Hill,” will be published this fall.)>Rick Woodson is a Rochester-area free-lance writer.

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

In seven days, the 1995 Ryder Cup matches will begin at the Oak Hill Country Club East Course, a grand old golf course that has proved many times its worthiness to host such a prestigious event. The Ryder Cup has become a matter of pride–no prize money is involved–for both the U.S. and European teams.
It is, in the American vernacular, a big deal, in part because the United States has lost the Cup three consecutive times after retaining it during 13 Ryder Cup confrontations spanning 26 years. And interest increased dramatically since the best players in all of Europe became eligible in 1979 and golf’s four major tournaments–Masters Tournament, U.S. Open Championship, British Open, PGA Championship–have been dominated by non-Americans.
Ah, but it wasn’t always that way. Like most sporting events, the Ryder Cup competition endured a modest beginning and gradually grew into one of golf’s grand weekends.
It started in 1921–well, sort of. According to Golf World magazine, the first competition was proposed by a fellow named James Harnett, who worked in the circulation department of Golf Illustrated. The idea was to increase subscriptions by promoting a match between professional golfers from the United States and Great Britain.
And, former Rochesterian Walter Hagen, who once lived between the first and 16th holes at the Country Club of Rochester, played a significant role in getting the Ryder Cup off the first tee. He was the captain of the first five U.S. Ryder Cup teams.
The PGA of America Inc. tells the tale this way: “Regardless of who takes credit, the first informal matches were played in 1921 in Gleneagles, Scotland. Harnett, most likely with Hagen’s assistance, selected the American team. The matches were played just before the 2,000 Guineas Match Play Championship, with the British soundly defeating the U.S. team, 9-3.”
There was another United States vs. Britain match–this one primarily to kill time–in 1926, when the Royal and Ancient Golf Club decided to hold regional qualifying rounds before the British Open. That required Americans to go to Britain early, so they agreed to form a team to play the British pros at Wentworth Golf Club, Wentworth, England. Result: another rout for the English, 13 1/2 to 1 1/2.
Perhaps that is the most important international match ever played, because the British won handily and Samuel Ryder witnessed it as a member of the gallery.
Ryder became wealthy selling penny packets of seeds to British gardeners, and, when his health began failing due to overwork, he was advised to get out of the office for some fresh air and light exercise. Reportedly, he first rejected golf but later decided to take up the game. And the rest really is history.
The story has it that Ryder hired British golf great Abe Mitchell as his personal tutor. Ryder then practiced six days a week–never on a Sunday –for one year and he soon had a 6 handicap.
Apparently Ryder was enamored by his countrymen’s victory in 1926, especially so Mitchell and George Duncan’s defeat of Hagen and Jim Barnes. When Duncan lamented the absence of a regular competition between the best of Britain and the best of America, Ryder reportedly said, “Why not?”
Ryder agreed to donate a solid gold cup valued at 250 pounds–worth roughly $1,000 today. The cup was designed by Mappin and Webb Co. and Ryder insisted that a golfing figure that resembled Mitchell be featured on the lid. And with that, the first official Ryder Cup matches were arranged for June 3-4, 1927, at Worcester Country Club in Worcester, Mass.
With Mitchell unable to play because of appendicitis, the U.S. team, captained by Hagen, won easily, 9 1/2 to 2 1/2. But two years later at Moortown Golf Club in Leeds, England, the British reclaimed the Cup with a 7-5 victory.
In 1931, with Hagen still the captain, the Cup returned to the U.S. when the Americans won 9-3 at Scioto Country Club in Columbus, Ohio. The British won the 1933 matches 6 1/2 to 5 1/2, giving the two countries two victories each in the first four years of the Ryder Cup.
Between 1935 and 1983–no matches were held from 1939-45 because of World War II–the United States owned the Ryder Cup. Only in 1957 did the British return the Cup to their soil with a 7 1/2 4 1/2 victory.
Following that rare British triumph, the American dominance continued, interrupted only by a 16-16 tie in 1969. In 1973, Irish golfers became eligible to play for Great Britain. The results didn’t change, though, and interest in the Ryder matches bottomed out in 1975. After the 21-11 U.S. victory, the British press suggested the Ryder Cup be scrapped.
The Cup continued, though, and in 1978 the PGA asked Jack Nicklaus for advice on how to make the matches more competitive. His answer: widen the non-American player selection procedures. In 1979, the first Ryder Cup was played in which the top 12 U.S. players competed against the top 12 players in all of Europe. It took three matches and six years but in 1985, the Europeans won the Cup 16 1/2 to 11 1/2, then kept it by winning the 1987 competition 15-13 and tying the Americans 14-14 in 1989.
The United States has won the last two Ryder Cups, first at Kiawah Island, S.C., and in 1993 at the Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, England, but the prestige of the matches has been restored.
The format for the matches has evolved as well. Until 1961 the competition consisted of four foursome (alternate shot) matches one day and eight singles matches the next day. Each was 36 holes.
There were other structural changes and when the Great Britain/Ireland team was expanded to include all of Europe, the format was revised to its present status. At Oak Hill there will be four four- ball (two-man teams, best ball) and four foursome matches the first and second days, and 12 singles matches the third day, for a total of 28 points.
(Rick Woodson is a Rochester-area free-lance writer.)

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

Corey Pavin (1,054.167 Ryder Cup points): At 5 feet 9 inches and 150 pounds, Pavin is one of the little big men on the PGA Tour. Known for his fierce competitiveness. Won the U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills. Winner of 12 PGA Tour events and played on the Ryder Cup team in 1991 and 1993. Ryder Cup record: 4-4. The 16th-best scoring average on the tour. Finished second on the money list with $1.05 million.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.12.

Tom Lehman (827.500 points): One of the great hard-work success stories in pro golf. After struggling on the regular tour and bouncing around the minitour circuit, he was the leading money winner on the Hogan Tour (now the Nike Tour) in 1991, giving him exempt status on the PGA Tour. Tied for seventh in scoring. Not among the top 100 in putting, but more than makes up for it by being third in greens hit in regulation.
PGA Tour stroke average: 69.91.

Davis Love III (770.000 points): Played a key role in the U.S. victory in 1993 by making a 6-foot putt on the 18th green of his singles match to defeat Costantino Rocca. Has a 2-2 Ryder Cup record. One of the PGA Tour’s longest hitters. He ranked second in driving distance at 283.1 yards, but only 99th in driving accuracy (70.1 percent of fairways). However, he was 17th in birdies (271), second in putting (1.737 putts per green hit in regulation), and ninth in scoring.
PGA Tour stroke average: 69.96.

Phil Mickelson (639.864 points): The left-handed equivalent of Jack Nicklaus, in that only he and Nicklaus have won five tournaments before age 25. Achieved a rare feat, winning a PGA Tour event as an ama- teur in 1991. A Ryder Cup rookie who had a brilliant amateur record, including playing on the U.S. Walker Cup teams in 1989 and 1991. No. 23 on the PGA Tour money list with $506,444. Ranked 56th in scoring.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.71.

Jay Haas (629.000 points): At age 41, he is one of pro golf’s steadiest players–and best-kept secrets. Has won nine PGA Tour events, but hasn’t played on the Ryder Cup team since 1983, when he compiled a 2-1-1 record. Ranked 22nd in scoring. The 11th- best putter (1.749). Tied for third at the Masters and fourth at the U.S. Open.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.23.

Jeff Maggert (611.893 points): Has only one PGA Tour victory, but consistency is his strength. He was 30th in scoring and 26th in putting (1.759), but he was 22nd on the money list with $523,332. His only tour victory came in the Walt Disney World/Oldsmobile Classic, yet he has won almost $3 million since joining the tour in 1991.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.41.

Loren Roberts (601.500 points): Not among the tour’s most highly publicized group, but definitely among its elite. Has won only two tour tournaments, the Nestle Invitational in both 1994 and 1995. Lost to Ernie Els in a play-off in last year’s U.S. Open. Accumulated enough Ryder Cup points despite withdrawing from the U.S. Open with back problems and missing the cut in the British Open. Tied for 30th in scoring. Only 66th in putting (1.778).
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.41.

Ben Crenshaw (598.286 points): It would be difficult to imagine a more popular member of the team. Won the Masters for the second time. Considered one of the great putters of all time. Hasn’t played in the Ryder Cup since 1987 and has a 3-5-1 record. Has been a fixture on the PGA Tour since he won the Texas Open in 1973. Has won 17 other tour events and this year passed $6 million. Was 62nd in scoring.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.79.

Peter Jacobsen (590.000 points): Victories in the Pebble Beach Pro-Am and the Buick Invitational at Torrey Pines, and top- five finishes in two other tournaments carried him back to the Ryder Cup after a nine- year absence. Had a 1-2 record as a member of the 1985 team that lost the Cup for the first time in 28 years. Fifth on the money list with $972,069 and fifth in scoring.
PGA Tour stroke average: 69.87.

Brad Faxon (542.500 points): Needed a strong finish in the PGA Championship to qualify, and produced an 8-under-par 63 that shot him into 10th place in the tournament and in the Ryder standings. His first Ryder Cup, but he has been on the PGA Tour for 12 years. In 1994 entered 25 tournaments, missing the cut in only two. No. 27 on the money list with $458,709. No. 23 in scoring.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.25.

Curtis Strange (390.167 points/captain’s selection): Six years ago he was among the top five players in the world after winning his second-consecutive U.S. Open at Oak Hill, giving him 17 victories in fewer than 13 years. Played on four Ryder teams, the last in 1989. But he hasn’t won a tournament since and was somewhat of a surprise choice by U.S. captain Lanny Wadkins, who said: “I needed someone with heart and guts.” Not among the leading money winners this year–No. 36 with $346,375–but finished 23rd in Ryder Cup points. No. 41 in scoring. No. 13 in driving accuracy (78.6 percent), a crucial stat at Oak Hill.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.54.

Fred Couples (282.500 points/captain’s selection): Finished 34th on the points list and 73rd on the money list with $212,814, but it was no surprise that Wadkins put him on the team. Played on the last three Ryder Cup teams. Hampered by back problems recently, but reportedly is 100 percent again. Tenth on the tour in driving distance with an average of 275.8 yards. Owns the longest consecutive-years-with-victory on tour– 1990-94–but still hasn’t won this year.
PGA Tour stroke average: 70.20.
(Researched by Rick Woodson)

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

The fifth fairway at Oak Hill parallels Allens Creek, which runs down the right side all the way to the green. It demands a long, accurate tee shot that must avoid the water but carry far enough to ensure a clear approach shot to the green.
On Sunday in the final round, Tom Kite was leading the tournament by three shots as he stood on the fifth tee and peered down the tunnel of trees to the landing area 230 yards away. Kite’s tee shot drifted to the right, splashing into the creek. He subsequently made a triple-bogey 7 and Curtis Strange won the tournament.
Harmon says little has changed for the 1995 Ryder Cup matches at Oak Hill.
“They’ll play the same course (played in the ’89 Open),” he says. “We will have PGA Championship-type rough. (Captain) Lanny Wadkins has requested rough 4 to 5 inches high.”
And that, Harmon says, will put a premium on accuracy off the tee: “I think you’ll see many irons and fairway woods.”
Here is Harmon’s hole-by-hole analysis of what the 24 players must deal with at Oak Hill East, which will play 6,902 yards, par 70. By the way, the average score in the 1989 Open was 73.4, 3.4 shots over par.

No. 1, 440 yards, par 4. A slight dogleg left that Ben Hogan once described as the most difficult starting hole in golf. A good drive will leave a mid-iron shot to the green. Seventh-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.26.

No. 2, 401 yards, par 4. Long iron or fairway wood layup shot off the tee. Short iron uphill to the green. Thirteenth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.08.

No. 3, 211 yards, par 3. Harmon calls this “a great par 3” that requires a long iron to one of the smallest greens on the course. Sixth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 3.27.

No. 4, 570 yards, par 5. Only the long hitters can reach the green in two shots. “Basically a layup hole–two layup shots and a wedge,” Harmon says. Easiest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.98.

No. 5, 406 yards, par 4. A dogleg right requiring a long, accurate drive that must avoid the creek to the right and carry far enough to open up second shot. The chute formed by the trees is some 20 yards wide–narrower than the fairway. Second-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.38.

No. 6, 167 yards, par 3. The easiest of the par 3s, which saw four holes-in-one in a span of 1/ hours during the Open. Most players will hit a 6-or 7-iron. Seventeenth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 3.00.

No. 7, 431 yards, par 4. First in what Harmon calls “a great stretch of par 4s … great driving holes.” Allens Creek crosses the fairway and a tee shot that drifts right can wind up in the water. Second shot is uphill. Fourth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.29.

No. 8, 430 yards, par 4. A straight-away, but deceiving hole. It looks placid from the tee, but anything less than a splendid tee shot can lead to trouble. There are fairway bunkers right and left. Second shot is slightly uphill. Eighth-hardest hole in the 1989 Open; average score: 4.24.

No. 9, 419 yards, par 4. Don’t make a mistake off the tee on this dogleg right–that is, don’t miss it right–or a double-bogey could be the result. You can’t see the putting surface from the fairway, putting a premium on club selection for the second shot. Tenth-hardest hole in the 1989 Open; average score: 4.19.

No. 10, 432 yards, par 4. Harmon describes the 10th as “one of the more difficult driving holes.” Visually it calls for a high, right-to-left shot because the contour of the fairway tends to take a tee shot to the right, creating a difficult approach shot. Second shot is uphill. Fifth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.28.

No. 11, 192 yards, par 3. The green is large and relatively flat. Harmon expects most of the Ryder Cup players to hit a 4-iron. Sixteenth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 3.03.

No. 12, 372 yards, par 4. In Harmon’s words, it is “paramount to have the ball in the fairway.” Thus, the tee shot calls for a fairway wood or long iron. Once safely in the fairway, the second shot is uphill to a long, shallow green that puts a premium on club selection. Twelfth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.09.

No. 13, 594 yards, par 5. Oak Hill’s signature hole, with its greenside “Hill of Fame” honoring golf’s greatest players and past heroes of Oak Hill tournaments. “It’s never been reached in two,” Harmon says. The tee shot requires a layup because of the creek that crosses the fairway. The second shot must be strategically hit to a narrow opening to facilitate the approach, which Harmon says will be about a 9-iron for most pros. And once on the putting surface, the green–which slopes severely from back to front–can be treacherous. Fifteenth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 5.04.

No. 14, 323 yards, par 4. Don’t be fooled by the yardage. Yes, it’s a long iron and a wedge for most players, but there is no room for error and the second shot is blind to a severe green. The only safe putt is uphill from below the hole, and, as Harmon says of the approach, “Go long and you’re dead.” Fourteenth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.07.

No. 15, 177 yards, par 3. No escape here. You either hit the green or a bogey (or worse) is the likely result. Harmon says there usually is a swirling wind that can fool players standing in the protection of the trees around the tee. Miss the tee shot right and you’re in the pond right of the green. Miss it left and you have an almost impossible up-and-down. Eleventh-hardest hole in the 1989 Open; average score: 3.13.

No. 16, 439 yards, par 4. Like No. 7 on the front nine, the first of three difficult finishing holes on the back side. The first of what Harmon describes as “three great finishing holes.” Each requires accuracy and length off the tee, and a mid-to long-iron approach shot. The 16th fairway slopes left, and any tee shot hit down the middle is subject to take a severe left turn and result in a difficult approach. Ninth-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.21.

No. 17, 458 yards, par 4. This is the worst of Oak Hill East’s bad news. It’s uphill off the tee, with a dogleg right to a well-bunkered green. “The longer you hit it, the harder it is to hit the fairway,” Harmon says. A tee shot left or right is rarely forgiven. Most-difficult hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.49.

No. 18, 440 yards, par 4. A supreme test that requires a long, straight drive off the tee and a mid-to-long second shot to a difficult green. “The second shot is the key,” Harmon says, because if a player doesn’t carry the green, he could be hitting his third shot blind from 30 feet below the green. “The wind and club selection are keys,” he adds. Third-hardest hole in 1989 Open; average score: 4.29.

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

Take a multiplier coefficient representing dollar transactions spawned by the base commercial activity that is the Ryder Cup. Calculate an output multiplier representing the full tally of gross sales revenues and/or business receipts generated by said base commercial activity, broken down by commercial sector and weighted for public and private investment factors. Then create a sophisticated input-output model that ultimately produces a benefit-to-cost ratio figure.
Then, if anybody asks you what the Ryder Cup is doing for, say, the mining industry in the Northern Hemisphere, you can whip a dollar figure right out. This should shut them up so you can get out and join the party once the Ryder Cup crowds start cooking.
The above is a general idea of the formal econometric calculations involved in the multiplier theory that traces the commercial ramifications of specific business activities. For inventing this, Wassily Leontief won the first Nobel Prize ever bestowed in economics.
Good for Wassily.
The Rochester rule, though, is that anyone who talks about money is probably broke. A corollary of that rule applies to Ryder Cup discussions: Anyone who tries to prove how many dollars the tournament will plant here is probably fabricating.
Most businesses hoping for a piece of Ryder Cup action here heed that corollary. They are not demanding guarantees.
Base commercial activities that firms are, they too are busy working to wring as much economic impact as possible out of each of the 25,000 or so expected Ryder Cup spectators per day.
Not that a whiff of the figures floated by PGA of America Inc. doesn’t help re- energize the exhausted. Scouring the Eastern Seaboard for everything from buses to bartenders will tucker a person out.
And the PGA is talking millions, many millions, maybe enough to get Mother Teresa in touch with the little highway robber within.
Not everyone buys the PGA’s figures. Predictions of how many dollars fly around events like the Ryder Cup, grumblers grumble, carry the taint of the hustle. Consider the source, they say.
Ugly industries have waved economic- impact studies for years to prove that, say, toxic dumps and chemical factories cannot only be good neighbors but also, by God, pay their way.
Golf associations caught on to the use of econometric measurement to produce economic-impact studies only a few years back.
Prettier than most industries, golf usually does not have to educate a suspicious populace.
But politicians have been known to take tax whacks in the direction of golf courses. Reports documenting the dollars golf brings to the local economy are good for whacking back, says the National Golf Foundation, a Florida industry research group.
No one has launched a full-scale econometric attack on that particular angle of the golf industry known as a tournament. Promoters of a hit-and-run proposition, Ryder Cup officials back their figures with estimates and experience, but guarantee nothing.
Attempts to gauge the dollar impact from the other end–who plans to spend how much–run into a wall of “who wants to know?” from the corporations that are the highest rollers.
Said to be the highest rollers, that is. And probably are. Corporate sensibilities about entertainment expenses being what they are, researchers who have tried say you cannot beat dollar figures out of businesses with a 9-iron.
Tourist industry experience provides some guidance. The rule-of-thumb used in ordinary convention estimating is $700 to $800 spent per conventioneer.
For events like the Ryder Cup, the ruler is thumbed up a few notches to a figure closer to $2,000 per person.
And when the money being spent is company money, try an estimated expenditure of $10,000 to $30,000 per VIP guest.
No one has spent the time or money it would take to challenge the figures the PGA puts out. Instead, critics point to towns that ramped up for past tournaments that shot through and left little but trash in their wake.
So it is said, anyway, among the “rape of Rochester” school of Ryder Cup economic study.
In the other, much larger, corner are those like Richard Luber, executive director of the Greater Rochester Visitors Association Inc.
“Hard money will be spent here, lots of it,” Luber says. “But those dollars are almost insignificant compared to the intangible profits that will flow in Rochester’s future from hosting the Ryder Cup.”
Rather than slug the dollar question out in the ring, Luber and other organizers enlisted Ryder Cup naysayers in all decision processes.
“There are legitimate downside points to be made,” Luber said. “You can’t move 25,000 people around without inconveniencing residents. That’s true.
“Rochester has to spend money to get people to come in and spend money. That’s true, too. Costs and trouble are part of the planning mix.”
Hard-core Ryder Cup haters are simply leaving town for the week. After renting their homes out for a tidy sum, of course.
Another truth is that many big dollars were locked down by out-of-town businesses, including the PGA, long before the event hit town.
Parent corporation of the 1995 Ryder Cup, the PGA sells packages of rooms, tickets and tours long in advance. Lots of that money, of course, stays here with the hotels, the food and transportation suppliers. And lots goes to the PGA.
Big sports-marketing companies funnel money from corporate entertainment expense accounts to the service troops in the field. They collect a management fee for planning the event, fielding bids from suppliers, coordinating service troops and making sure the likes of Xerox Corp. and Bausch & Lomb Inc. get their party money’s worth.
Lots of the money, again, stays with the service suppliers on-site. And lots goes to companies operating out of New York or Atlanta or Florida.
There is almost no money to be made on Ryder Cup souvenirs, outside of the bounds laid down by the PGA licensing deals. Oak Hill Country Club alone has the right to sell logo items. Makers of logoed wares–everything from shorts to umbrellas–spent years passing muster before the PGA.
“Anything that says “Ryder Cup’ on it” is at the top of Peter Shure’s souvenir shopping list. Shure edits Convene magazine, trade publication of the multibillion-dollar convention industry. He will be hosted at the event by the Greater Rochester Visitors Association Inc.
When even hardened conventional professionals confess that the sight of the words “Ryder Cup” are enough to make them reach for their wallets, it is little wonder that the PGA is ready to get down and dirty over its property.
Try stamping “Ryder Cup” on a balloon and selling it for a quarter. Say hello to your friendly federal marshal.
That’s if you are lucky. If you are not and the PGA’s licensing enforcers have it their way, you and your bootleg balloon will be swept off the sidewalk by rent-a-cops.
Private security personnel have a gung-ho reputation among the licensing enforcement crowd. When it comes to sidewalk sweeping, the word is, they make federal marshals look friendly.
Court papers already are in place to nail John or Jane Doe No. 27 or 99 or 1,034 for ripping off the Ryder Cup name or logo on the sidewalk, in a gift shop, anywhere within 100 miles of Oak Hill Country Club–except, of course, for Oak Hill Country Club itself.
Lawyers who enforce trademarks for big-money events that are here today, gone tomorrow can move just as fast as sidewalk pirates. To nab the evildoers, they sue for violation of the PGA’s Ryder Cup trademark before the dirty deed is done.
Multidistrict ex parte seizure orders– legalese for “see it and grab it wherever it is”–protect them. Trickle-down shoppers, however, need no orders to see and grab everything from newspapers to oranges while in town. Retailers are adding outlets, beefing up staff and stocking up for the onslaught, econometric coefficients be damned.
The PGA’s figures on how much money is expected to fly around the Ryder Cup tournament probably are as good as they get. Not because of Wassily. Because the PGA has no reason to lie.
Towns stand in line to host the Cup. Rochester did not get the honor because it trotted out better facts and figures than the rest of them.
Someone at Oak Hill knew someone at the PGA, from some other event somewhere else. And the deal got done.
Ryder Cup prestige creates a currency of a different order, blue-chip shares in Rochester’s reputation.
Tight-lipped as they are about cash flow, thousands of individuals and hundreds of local businesses are investing freely in that

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

Charles Miersch, associate dean of the University of Rochester’s William E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration, describes himself as a “social” golfer.
“I shoot in the 90s,” he says, “play once or twice a week.”
Right.
Sorry, Charlie, but by the National Golf Foundation’s reckoning, you are a “core” golfer, maybe even hard core.
According to the foundation, a mere eight rounds a year puts players in the core category. Twenty-five rounds annually moves them into the “avid” class.
Let’s see. Once a week for 52 weeks a year puts Miersch at more than double the industry’s own standard for avid. Twice a week? Forget it.
But then, as a member of the business community, Miersch can be expected to betray a certain passion for the sport Mark Twain called a sure way to ruin a perfectly good walk.
If there is any game that business goes gaga over, it is golf.
“Golf,” the foundation insists, “is being played today by people from all walks of life. Less than half (41.4 percent) of all golfers come from households headed by professionals or managers.”
Perhaps. But while its popularity may be widening, golf still holds a special appeal for the corporate types, experts say.
“It’s like a lovefest,” says John Lanesa of the business world’s attraction to all things links-related.
What exactly is the attraction?
Lanesa, a Duquesne University marketing professor and erstwhile owner of two off-course pro shops in the Pittsburgh area, says he is at a loss to explain it.
Nevertheless, he adds, like the lunar pull that whips vast oceans around as if they were so much Jell-O, the invisible force that draws business to golf is observable in its effects.
“I’ve attended the PGA. I’ve seen it,” he says. “Business wants to be close to these people. The intrigue among major corporations angling for sponsorships– you wouldn’t believe it.”
For the Fortune 500, major golf tournaments are corporate Woodstocks, Lanesa says, love-ins, but tailor-made for “a stuffy old-boys network.”
Just as the love generation of the 1960s thrilled in Woodstock’s three-day mud wallow, the corporate world finds its own lower-key release wallowing in luxury at major golf tournaments, Lanesa believes.
“Look at who’s participating from a corporate perspective,” he says. “These are the higher-echelon people involved. There has to be a high-end, expensive image portrayed. There’s a snobbery attached to being able to attend.”
The Corporate Village planned for the Ryder Cup at Oak Hill Country Club does little to refute Lanesa’s contention.
The village will be a sort of common playground for those lucky enough to secure entry to one of the individual corporate tents rented by firms for their top executives and special guests.
Richard McDonald of Rochester’s Bartenders Unlimited, who is running the food and drink service at the village, expects some 6,000 “CEOs, bigwigs, big clients and investors” daily to wander through it, partaking of an open bar and spreads of delicacies at breakfast, lunch and dinner buffets.
The sums corporations spend to secure their own private tents and thus gain entry to tournament inner sanctums such as the Ryder Cup Corporate Village are considerable–reportedly ranging as high as six figures at Oak Hill.
Add to that corporate spending on tournament and player sponsorships. Such largesse, Lanesa says, flies in the face of the lean, mean images most firms want to project.
One reason such events exert a magnetic pull on corporate dollars is simple star attraction, and not necessarily to the players.
“The executives themselves are stars,” Lanesa says.
Attendees can brush elbows with the likes of Eastman Kodak Co. CEO George Fisher and later can boast of having hobnobbed with luminaries of the Fortune 500 firmament.
“It’s a prestige thing,” Lanesa maintains. “If Company A is sending 17 executives to a big-name tournament, Company B wants to send 20.”
The corporate Woodstock element is, of course, only one side of the picture.
The other is the game itself.
If business executives did not play the game, their devotion to it and their willingness to make a corporate icon of it would not be so great.
You do not see those in the executive ranks rushing to join slow-pitch or bowling teams. Neither do individual athletic efforts, even such relatively unstrenuous ones as billiards and darts, have the executive appeal of golf.
Most theorists hold that duffing has some intrinsic quality or particular features that lend themselves to a business mind-set.
It is, for example, an excellent way to get to know clients, potential partners or other business associates, Miersch says.
Golf’s relaxed pace lends itself to conversation, while the demands of negotiating a course afford opportunities to evaluate how individuals perform under stress, he notes.
“It’s a frustrating game, and nobody’s golf game is perfect,” Miersch says. “It can be instructive to see how people react.”
Lanesa concurs, adding that the links provide an agora for business, a neutral ground where standard corporate pecking orders temporarily are set aside.
Economist Raymond Keating, director of the Albany-based New York Citizens for a Sound Economy, advances the theory that golf is the quintessential supply-side sport.
In an op-ed piece published by the Capital District Business Review, Keating wrote off hockey as “a lesson in urban-center economics” and portrayed basketball as “a post-Depression capitalist game.” Baseball, “a metaphor for a more dynamic economic system,” since the 1970s has fallen prey to bad policy decisions.
By contrast, golf is largely “a game of the mind.” Knowledge of the swing and of the course matter more than native ability, Keating maintains.
Add to that an incentive system that compensates professional players according to their week-to-week performance rather than with multiyear contracts based on past performance as in other sports, golf becomes in Keating’s view “the perfect metaphor for a dynamic and competitive entrepreneurial economy.”
Viewed in that light, how can business help but love the sport?
Leo Keenan, a St. Bonaventure University English professor, who for 20 years coached the Western New York school’s golf team, shares Keating’s assessment of the game as primarily mental. However, he has his own theory regarding its hold on players.
Says Keenan: “It’s an addiction.”>

1995 Ryder Cup Matches

While Oak Hill Country Club prepares to host the premier golfing event and the estimated 25,000 spectators it expects to see each day lining the links, other area courses have been scrambling to grab a piece of the Ryder Cup pie.
And just as Oak Hill will be marketing Ryder Cup apparel and other souvenirs, some of Rochester’s golf courses and golf shops have been marketing to increase business during what could be the most profitable week of golf they will see all year.
At the public course Shadow Pines Golf Club in Penfield, increased marketing and promotions have targeted a wide audience–from large corporations to small businesses to local golfers.
“We have done some marketing, very much actually,” says Timothy Vangellow, director at Shadow Pines and the new Greystone golf clubs. Both clubs, along with Shadow Lake Golf Club, are owned by the Dolomite Group.
“We sent our package information to the PGA of America many months ago so that they could, in turn, promote to people who have bought corporate tents at Oak Hill. That was the first step.
“We’ve done a lot of marketing and communicating to area hotels … for their guests,” he added. “We’re not only marketing to the large groups, but also to (individuals) staying at hotels as well. Also, we’ve done a lot of communicating to area corporations who just might have people coming in from out of town. And we’re doing a lot of marketing to local individuals who might play golf in the area.”
Vangellow says the marketing partnership between area hotels and Shadow Pines began with the Rochester Hotel/Motel Association, an organization of industry salespeople and general managers. The Hyatt Regency Rochester, the Holiday Inn Genesee Plaza, the Residence Inn by Marriott in Penfield and the Lodge at Woodcliff are a handful of the hotels that the golf club has worked with to gain increased business.
For Big Oak Driving Range and Golf Shop, marketing is the name of the golfing game. In addition to Ryder Cup ticket and Florida trip giveaways, Big Oak has had increased TV advertising and golf equipment manufacturers’ promotions to gain a share of the highly competitive Ryder Cup market.
“It’s our 25th anniversary for starters and, of course, the Ryder Cup year, so we decided to do a little bit extra and a lot more advertising,” notes Carl Marlett, owner and president.
“We put on a project last winter in Florida at a golf show to get our suppliers to help us with advertising. (As a result), we have a lot of TV commercials featuring some of the major contributors and we’re having special days for them for demonstrating their products and special sales with each of the manufacturers.
“The manufacturers felt it was the market for the summer to spend some extra dollars, and that’s why we got them to go along with some extra advertising dollars and bringing their product out here.”
Those manufacturers include Taylor Made Golf Co., Wilson Sporting Goods Co. and PowerBilt golf equipment manufactured by Hillerich & Bradsby Co. Marlett expects increased business from these promotions and for his shop door to be swinging with Americans and Europeans coming to lay their dollars down for top-name golf equipment and apparel.
“We had some German fellows in (who) somehow got permission to come and play Oak Hill before the tournament and I think they’re coming back for the Ryder Cup,” Marlett says. “They spent $5,000–this gave us a little preview of what’s to come.
“The Europeans have to pay a lot more money for American golf equipment in Europe,” he adds. “Here, they’ll save money buying equipment. We’re expecting a lot (of people) from England, as well as Europeans and Americans.”
While he is certain the promotions will bring in business to the shop, the fierce competition that exists is a concern to Marlett.
“Competition is getting so keen. With this golf thing going on in Rochester, the (PGA) Golf Experience … we have to compete with that. Can we compete with that? It’s hard to know. It’s hard to get a piece of it and to get publicity.
“We need to distinguish ourselves. We want to do something (for the Ryder Cup), but it’s got to be right.”
At CenterPointe Country Club in Canandaigua, General Manager Greg Joseph believes there’s enough for everybody to go around–and then some.
“Obviously, it’ll be a busy week for everybody,” he says. “If people are in town for the Ryder Cup, they’ll be golfing. We believe that with the Ryder Cup, it won’t just be people at the matches, but those not at the Ryder Cup, who want to play.
“To fill up all the golf courses in the area will be interesting. Every golf course should be busy–if they’re not, they’re doing something wrong.”
A semiprivate course, CenterPointe usually does not take tee times Monday through Thursday, but rather operates on a first-come first-serve basis. For Ryder Cup week, notes golf pro James Buchanan, they will be taking tee times.
“People see the Ryder Cup on TV and they want to go out and play,” he explains. “That’s what makes golf so great: You can go right out and participate.”
Golfers looking for a place to “participate” during Ryder Cup week can find one at CenterPointe. As of mid-July the club was not completely booked and, Joseph adds, “I’m not sure we want to be. We plan to remain not fully booked that week so if people are looking for a place to golf, without reservations, they can go to CenterPointe and golf.”
With the Ryder Cup being held in Monroe County and CenterPointe located in Ontario County, will Joseph’s course be only a distant glimmer in the spotlight that shines on Oak Hill? Not at all, he says.
“People are finding it hard to get hotels in Rochester, much less golf-course reservations,” he says. “So they’re branching out to Ontario County. I don’t think Bristol Harbour (Golf Club) would say they’re removed, and they’re even farther away.”
At Shadow Lake Golf Club, a public course in Penfield, it is mostly small groups and individuals that are teeing off during what director William Middlebrook calls “the largest sporting event in the world right now.”
“Corporatewise, it’s the biggest,” he says. “Oak Hill (is getting up to) $185,000 per tent for corporations.”
Shadow Lake may not be entertaining the Fortune 500, but those choosing to golf there will be catered to in style, courtesy of Bunkers. Middlebrook expects the course-side restaurant to be very busy because of the number of people coming to Rochester–people who might be golfing at the club or those who just want to dine in the golfing atmosphere.
The club will be offering starting times for Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of Ryder Cup week, and will switch to shotgun starts for the weekend, “so that players can play early in the morning and get over to Oak Hill in time for the matches,” Middlebrook explains.
“We’re trying to leave (Shadow Lake) open to the public so anyone will have the opportunity to play.”
With some 10,000 Ryder Cup ticket holders in the United Kingdom, “anyone” amounts to English, Welsh, Scottish, Irish as well as other Europeans, and, of course, Americans from coast to coast. And those coming in from out of town are expected to be here for longer than a few days.
“I would say that the people who are coming in from out of town are going to be here for a long period of time, so they’re probably going to be looking for places to play,” he says. “Not everyone obviously is going to be able to fly in on that Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday. Either they are flying into other areas and driving in rental cars or coming the week before, or even two weeks before.”
At Shadow Lake’s sister course Shadow Pines, Vangellow says that 75 percent of the people who have reserved are American. Unlike Shadow Lake, Shadow Pines is hosting events for very large companies and large outings as well as small 20-person groups. Some of the larger corporations include Philip- Morris Cos. Inc., which has reserved the entire course for a day, and Kimberly-Clark Corp. and Mobil Chemical Co., which have reserved spots for 20 people per day for five to six days.
“We’ve found that a lot of the corporations that have the corporate tent are not bringing in the same people for the entire week,” Vangellow says. “They have people flying in and out on a daily basis so they can entertain their customers, or their brass, and entertain all of them, each for one day.
“(Reserving the entire course for a day) makes it convenient for them, and we can offer them a total package. Basically, they come in and everything is set up for them and exclusive for them. It’s what a lot of the private clubs are doing.”
Adds Vangellow: “Having the large corporations in mind particularly, we are offering half-days of golf where the golfers could come out and play at 8 in the morning–we’d include a breakfast before golf, then a really nice buffet lunch immediately after the golf with extremely fast service so people could get right back to Oak Hill to watch the matches in the afternoon. We also conversely offered afternoon golf for those people who would like to watch the Ryder Cup matches in the morning.”
James Briggs is Ryder Cup week chairman for the private Country Club of Rochester, a tradition-steeped institution that was established in 1895, making it one of the oldest golf clubs in Rochester.
He also is a marshal at the Ryder Cup and a senior vice president of the federal publications unit at Lawyers Cooperative Publishing. Briggs says CCR, located at Elmwood and East avenues, will definitely see increased activity during the Ryder Cup, although it was anxious about what the event would mean for the club.
“In general, there’s been a lot of excitement,” he says. “(But) we have been concerned with how much we’d do here. We did a members survey (in June) to gauge the interest in dining and golf (for Ryder Cup week)–there’s definitely a lot of interest.
fair to all the golfers.
In addition, the club generally does not make the course available to one group or corporation for an event, again because the club puts its members first as it is doing for the Ryder Cup.
“We’re making sure we accommodate as many members as possible,” Briggs says. “We’ll be working with extra staff that week and offering a shuttle service for members only.”
At the private Blue Heron Hills Country Club in Wayne County, Chuck Salitan, director of golf operations and golf professional, says everyone from huge worldwide corporations to English royalty have reserved a place on the green for Ryder Cup week.
“The board has decided that for that one week Blue Heron Hills will entertain corporations and groups,” he said, “and we’re doing interesting things.”
High on the list are a Ryder Cup-style match between the American press and the British press courtesy of Schieffelin & Somerset Co.’s Johnny Walker brand; an outing for Golf Digest magazine’s staff and advertisers; an excursion for NBC’s top echelon; and a regal round of golf for an English duke and a lord.
While all golf clubs would like to make princely sums during the event, some hope to hit a royal flush by closing the courses to members and opening up to international movers and shakers. The private Irondequoit Country Club–only a short distance from Oak Hill–is closed to members for that week, and a reciprocal arrangement was made between it and CenterPointe. Max Farash, president and CEO of Farash Corp., owner of CenterPointe and member at ICC, explains that ICC members consider it an honor for the club to be open to others.
“Irondequoit Country Club’s and Oak Hill’s culture and philosophy are exactly the same,” he says. “I believe this is a community benefit beyond personal feelings. And club members feel honored to feel so close to (the Ryder Cup).
“Rochester stands out as a community that has a lot of golf courses,” he continues. “The Ryder Cup accentuates the interest the public (has) in golf. (And) this is the epitome of all events–it really puts us on the map. It can’t be anything but good (for Rochester).”
Joseph adds that golfers who were unable to get into other private clubs are coming to CenterPointe and that he expects ICC members to venture to the Canandaigua country club: “I would bet they’d take advantage of it. I think they’ll come and try us out.”
ICC general manager Chuck Krause and golf professional Bruce Cherry declined to comment on the club’s plans for Ryder Cup week.
Similar to CCR, the Dolomite Group golf clubs are consciously working to keep the course open to those who represent their bread and butter.
Vangellow at Shadow Pines and Greystone says that “we did not want to close our golf courses completely with corporate events. We thought that (the local community) was a very important segment. We wanted a place for individual local people to play, the people that support us all year.”
Middlebrook of Shadow Lake comments on the closed-to-members scenario this way: “It’s a membership. When you have five (hundred) to 600 people, it’s hard to get them all to agree. It’s the chance of a lifetime–who knows when the Ryder Cup will come back?”
Vangellow agrees, adding: “It’s a typical example of you can’t please everybody. I don’t feel strongly one way or the other. It would be the members themselves that would decide to close the course or allow open play on the course.
“There are those members who say, “Hey, this could be a financial windfall for our club,’ … and there are other ones who say, “We don’t need all these people on our golf course. What we want is to have our own golfers … play during the Ryder Cup week and here you are closing it on us.’ It’s half-and-half.”
Once the Ryder Cup pulls up its stakes, packs up its corporate tents and the media circus pulls out of town, will the golf enthusiasm remain? Salitan of Blue Heron Hills doesn’t think so, while others are more optimistic or put their fate in the hands of Mother Nature.
Marlett of Big Oak notes that although the store is open year-round, business typically falls off after Labor Day, the unofficial end of the golfing season. But autumn could be green this year.
“I think it’ll last another month,” he says. “We’re usually not very strong with the fall clothing line, but this year we’re bringing in a lot more fall clothing.”
Joseph of CenterPointe expects the Ryder Cup to extend the golfing season, but thinks it will be very weather-dependent.
“If we have an Indian summer like we did last year, it will extend the season.”
Middlebrook notes that Shadow Lake is no stranger to an extended golfing season.
“Last year we were open through December and part of January due to weather conditions,” he says. “Normally we’re open at Shadow Lake through most of November, weather permitting. It’ll be a busy week in September and September golf in Rochester is one of the most enjoyable times to play. There’s cooler weather, traffic is not as congested–it’s a comfortable time of year to play.”
With the increased business from the Ryder Cup that these golf courses and golf shops already are seeing, no doubt they would hope to keep those cash registers humming and the fairways jumping.

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